Weather

On average, the warmest month is July.
On average, the coolest month is January.
On average, the wettest month is January.

To view current temperatures in Egypt, try one of these weather sites (when done, use your browser’s back button to return here):

The Weather Channel‘s international weather site

Accu-Weather‘s international weather site


Average Temperatures in Egypt
Highs
Lows
January
65° F (18° C)
49° F (9° C)
February
68° F (20° C)
50° F (10° C)
March
73° F (23° C)
54° F (12° C)
April
82° F (28° C)
59° F (15° C)
May
89° F (32° C)
64° F (18° C)
June
93° F (34° C)
70° F (21° C)
July
93° F (34° C)
72° F (22° C)
August
92° F (33° C)
72° F (22° C)
September
90° F (32° C)
69° F (21° C)
October
85° F (29° C)
65° F (18° C)
November
75° F (24° C)
58° F (14° C)
December
67° F (19° C)
51° F (11° C)

 

Throughout Egypt, days are commonly warm or hot, and nights are cool. Egypt really has only two seasons: a mild winter from November to April and a hot summer from May to October. The only differences between the seasons are variations in daytime temperatures and changes in prevailing winds. In the coastal regions, temperatures range from 57° F (14° C) in winter to 86° F (30° C) in summer.

Temperatures vary widely in the inland desert areas, especially in summer, when they may range from 45° F (7° C) at night to 110° F (43° C) during the day. During winter, temperatures in the desert fluctuate less dramatically, but they can be as low as 32° F (0° C) at night and as high as 64° F (18° C) during the day.

The average annual temperature increases as you move from the Nile Delta in the north to the Sudanese border in the south, where temperatures are similar to those of the open deserts to the east and west. In the north, the cooler temperatures of Alexandria during the summer have made the city a popular resort. Throughout the Delta and the northern Nile Valley, there are occasional winter cold spells accompanied by light frost and even snow. At Aswan, in the south, June temperatures can be as low as 50° F (10° C) at night and as high as 105° F (41° C) during the day when the sky is clear.

Egypt receives fewer than 3″ (80 mm) of precipitation annually in most areas. Most rain falls along the coast, but even the wettest area, around Alexandria, receives only about 8″ (200 mm) of precipitation per year. Alexandria has relatively high humidity, but sea breezes help keep the moisture down to a comfortable level. Moving southward, the amount of precipitation decreases suddenly. Cairo receives a little more than 1/2″ (1 cm) of precipitation each year. The city, however, reports humidity as high as 77% during the summer, but during the rest of the year, humidity is low. The areas south of Cairo receive only traces of rainfall. Some areas will go years without rain and then experience sudden downpours that result in flash floods. The northern Sinai receives somewhat more rainfall — 5″ (12 cm) annually — than the other desert areas, and the region is dotted by numerous wells and oases which support small population centers.

A phenomenon of Egypt’s climate is the hot spring wind that blows across the country. The winds, known to Europeans as the “sirocco” and to Egyptians as the “khamsin,” usually arrive in April but occasionally occur in March and May. The winds form in small but vigorous low-pressure areas in the Isthmus of Suez and sweep across the northern coast of Africa. Unobstructed by geographical features, the winds reach high velocities and carry great quantities of sand and dust from the deserts. These sandstorms, often accompanied by winds of up to 87 miles (140 km) per hour, can cause temperatures to rise as much as 70° F (20° C) in two hours.